January 10, 2004, Dr. Lowell S.Gustafson, "Ancient Maya Gender Identity and Relations."

Dr. Gustafson examined the range of current opinions and evidence about
gender relations that existed among the ancient Maya.  He reviewed the
evidence for notions that Maya man woman relationships were those of 1)
Equality: Men and women shared many tasks and roles, 2) Oppression: Men
oppressed women, causing them to live shorter, poorer lives 3)
Specialization: Men and women performed the tasks most suited to their
physical abilities and limitations, 4) Complementarity: specialization did
not imply hierarchy, and frequently women were the power behind the throne,
and 4) Duality: